[1]林楚阳 张 立.大都市半城镇化地区村庄发展的差异及趋势——以佛山市高明区为例[J].小城镇建设,2019,(02):15-23.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1009-1483.2019.02.004]
 LIN Chuyang,ZHANG Li.Development Disparities of Rural Villages in Peri-Metropolis and the Future Trends: A Case Study on Gaoming District of Guanghzou-Foshan Metropolis[J].development of small cities﹠towns,2019,(02):15-23.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1009-1483.2019.02.004]
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大都市半城镇化地区村庄发展的差异及趋势——以佛山市高明区为例
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《小城镇建设》[ISSN:1009-1483/CN:11-4418/TU]

卷:
期数:
2019年02期
页码:
15-23
栏目:
乡村振兴的实践与探索· 专题
出版日期:
2019-02-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Development Disparities of Rural Villages in Peri-Metropolis and the Future Trends: A Case Study on Gaoming District of Guanghzou-Foshan Metropolis
文章编号:
1009-1483(2019)02-0015-09
作者:
林楚阳 张 立
广州市城市规划勘测设计研究院
同济大学建筑与城市规划学院
Author(s):
LIN Chuyang ZHANG Li
关键词:
城乡化半城镇化地区村庄发展差异广佛大都市区高明区
Keywords:
urban-rural integration semi-urbanized area village developmental difference Guangzhou-Foshan metropolis Gaoming District
分类号:
TU984
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1009-1483.2019.02.004
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
快速的城镇化进程促进了广佛大都市区的空间拓展,但也使得其外围村庄的发展呈现出多样化的特征。位于广佛都市区外围的高明区,下辖3 镇48 个行政村,村庄发展类型多样,具有典型性。课题组通过村干部座谈和村民访谈并结合村民问卷的形式,对高明区的村庄经济、社会、人口、公共服务和基础设施建设等方面做了较为深入的调查研究。将村庄划分为平原地区的近郊村、远郊村、城边村和山区的近郊村、远郊村五大类,分析其发展差异的同时,从空间区位、地形特征、工业发展及资源条件的角度解释了佛山市村庄发展差异的形成原因。研究认为,佛山市的村庄发展总体滞后,缺乏特色,各种影响因素作用于土地生产方式,继而引发各村庄的发展差异,但依托于征地和土地出租所获得的经济收入,其可持续性较差;继而分析了村民的未来城镇化意愿,指出镇区建设的滞后影响广佛都市区外围村庄的整体发展。最后,在分析高明区不同类型村庄发展趋势的基础上,提出了若干策略建议。
Abstract:
Rapid urbanization accelerated the process of spatial extension in Guangzhou-Foshan metropolis, and also render the rural development of periphery areas showing a variety of features. There are 3 towns and 48 administrative villages under the jurisdiction of Gaoming District of Foshan City in the metropolis. They display diversities in rural development types and are very typical. We did a field investigation on its social, economic, demographic, public services and infrastructure by questionnaires and interviewing with villagers and village leaders or powerful persons. Five categories are divided for the villages: suburban villages in the plain area, far-suburban villages in the pain area, town-side villages, suburban villages in the mountains and far-suburban villages. The differences of villages development are analyzed and a framework to explain it is established. Then we explain the factors affecting the rural development in four angles: the spatial location, terrain features, industrial development and resource conditions. Studies suggest that the rural development of peri-Guangzhou-Foshan metropolis was lagging and lack of features. The mode of land use which was effected by various factors triggered the development gap between villages, but it's unsustainable for the economic growth due to its reliance on the compensation of land acquisition and land rental. Then the villager's urbanization will is studied. We point out that the lag of small town's infrastructure and public service blocked the overall development of villages in peri-Guangzhou-Foshan metropolis. Finally, we advance the trends of the villages development and policy orientations for different villages are brought forward.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
国家自然科学基金“我国乡村人居空间的差异性特征和形成机理”(编号:51878454)
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-02-15