李爱刚, 郑林子. 我国耕地撂荒发生机理及治理对策研究[J]. 小城镇建设, 2021, 39(9): 107-114. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1009-1483.2021.09.013
引用本文: 李爱刚, 郑林子. 我国耕地撂荒发生机理及治理对策研究[J]. 小城镇建设, 2021, 39(9): 107-114. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1009-1483.2021.09.013
LI Aigang, ZHENG Linzi. Research on the Mechanism and Countermeasures of Cultivated Land Abandonment in China[J]. Development of Small Cities & Towns, 2021, 39(9): 107-114. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1009-1483.2021.09.013
Citation: LI Aigang, ZHENG Linzi. Research on the Mechanism and Countermeasures of Cultivated Land Abandonment in China[J]. Development of Small Cities & Towns, 2021, 39(9): 107-114. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1009-1483.2021.09.013

我国耕地撂荒发生机理及治理对策研究

Research on the Mechanism and Countermeasures of Cultivated Land Abandonment in China

  • 摘要: 耕地撂荒能否得到有效治理危及到我国的粮食安全,影响到生态文明建设和乡村文化的传承,关系到乡村振兴战略的顺利推进实施和“三农”问题的解决。本文在运用文献研究法梳理国内已有撂荒耕地调研报告、文献资料的基础上,利用国家统计局年度统计公报中的全国全年粮食种植面积数据和《中国农村统计年鉴》中的全国全年耕地总面积数据,测算和分析了2002—2017年我国耕地复种指数及其变化趋势,对我国耕地撂荒现状和诱因进行了再认识。研究发现:(1)我国的耕地撂荒现状呈现出空间分布广泛且差异明显、撂荒面积与撂荒率双增长、隐性撂荒比例大、规制成效有限等特征;(2)耕地资源禀赋、农业生产环境、农户文化价值观念、比较收益、农村人口流失、政策与制度干预和限制是耕地撂荒现象的诱因。最后,针对我国当前耕地撂荒现状和诱因,提出了耕地撂荒治理对策。

     

    Abstract: The problem of farmland abandoned is an important and critical issue of the long-term food safety and stability in China. Whether this problem can be effectively governed not only plays a key role in the construction of ecological civilization and the inheritance of rural culture, but also concerns the smooth implementation of rural revitalization strategy and the solution of ‘three rural issues’. After a comprehensive review of relevant scholarly reports and documents about China's farmland abandonment, this paper has calculated and analyzed the multiple cropping index and its developing trend during the period 2002-2017 based the national annual grain cultivated area data from the annual statistical bulletin of National Bureau of Statistics and the annual cultivated area data of China from ‘China Rural Statistical Yearbook’. By doing so this paper has identified the status quo situation, as well as major affecting factors, of farmland abandonment in China. The results show that:(1) The existing pattern of China farmland abandonment is characterized by extensive distribution with significant spatial imbalances, simultaneous increases of abandoned area and abandoned rate, large proportion of recessive abandonment, limited effects of governance regulations and so on. (2) Main causing factors of farmland abandonment include the resource endowment of farmland, agricultural production environment, farmers' cultural values, comparative income, the loss of rural population, governmental intervention and restriction. This article also proposes several possible countermeasures and suggestions in coping with the problem of farmland abandonment.

     

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